The Tree of The Knowledge of Good & Evil


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The Legume Genus Anadenathera consists of at least two important species found adjacent to the rainforests of South America and the Carribean. A. peregina is found along the tropical savannahs of northern South America. A. columbrina is found along the Andes. Anadenanthera is a beautiful delicate fern-leaved tree with spreading branches, white puff-ball flowers and dark leather brown pods with half inch diameter black pip seeds. It resembles the Lead Tree, the Albizia and many other legume trees, but it has the most delicate doubly pinnately-compound mimosa leaves. A. peregina is not frost tolerant, but A. columbrina is somewhat more hardy. It is used commonly for fence posts by the uninformed and is rapidly dissapearing in some areas. More details and pictures are arriving daily, including xerox copies of the leaves and seeds, chemical structures for the Serotonin Group and more! Keep those cards and emails coming!

The ethnobotany of these species was virtually overlooked by European conquerors, and the secret remained hidden for almost 500 years, while so many other New World plants were extensively exploited worldwide. It won't be long before these species are also used along with the many other spices and drugs of the New World. These links are a good beginning towards the understanding and wise utilization of these sacred trees. They have so much to tells us...

Ethnobotany is very important because it traces the development of humanity. Even the most ancient of civilizations relied upon agriculture and the domestication of certain plants for forage, medicinal, fiber, culinary and dye purposes. Ethnobotany also traces the development of modern Medicine and Herbalism along with the Paper, Chemical & Rubber Industries. It traces the origins of Spiritualism and Shamanism. The mythical Tree of Knowledge of the Bible may have been turned long ago to desert dust during the many wars of the Old World, but it thrives in the peaceful verdant rainforests of the New World, where it has been used to gain knowledge of God, Nature & our Ancestral Relationship with the forest for perhaps 10,000 yrs.

The Anadenanthera, and other DMT species, have many fascinating features to explore: Anthropology, Archeology, Botany, Chemistry, Dreams, Drugs, Ecology, Ethnobotany, Evolution, Fantasy, Forests, God, History, Insight, Jokes, Laughter & Love, Medicine, Mystery, Neurology, Origins, Poisons, Psychiatry, Religions, Seeds, Spirits, Space & Time, Tribes, Universes, Visions, Wonderlands, Woods and Zoology.

Bon Voyage!

Anadenanthera Links:

  1. General Links
  2. Disembodied Eyes
  3. More Picture Pages
  4. Related Items

  1. Taino
  2. Phalaris
  3. DMT Plants
  4. Mushrooms
  5. Morning Glories
  6. Salvia
  7. Cacti
  8. Toads

5. Bibliography


  1. Legendary Ethnobotanical Resources L.E.R., offers a wide range of plant species representing only a small segment of the vast realm of natural biodiversity and ethnobotanical wealth which nature has to offer, these species have all held a long and valid standing in human medicine, as food crops, grown for fiber, religious ritual and other utilitarian uses.
  2. L.E.R.
  3. Ethnobotanical Seed and Plant List
  4. Herbal Medicine SitesA non-profit org. Cornwall, U.K.. Traditional Herbal, Plant Knowledge, Ident. & Amer.Indian Ethnobotany Database.
  5. Axis Mundi
  6. Vilca experiece - Smoked
  7. Erowid DMT Vault : 5-MeO-DMT Info #1 - Information on 5-MeO-DMT from Psychedelic Drugs Reconsidered, by Lester Grinspoon and James B. Bakalar.
  8. Whats New? New Items: Anadenanthera columbrina.
  9. Bonap Fabaceae Listing Fabaceae Biota.
  10. Características Físicas e Biogeographia
  11. Gray HerbariumContributions of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard U. #176-213.
  12. Grupo de Carboidratos da UFPRUniv. Federal Do Parana.
  13. Tabela 1 Frequência absoluta e relativa, estrato vertical e padrão de distribuição das espécies vegetais dominantes identificadas no Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha.
  14. DMT article: 2. DMT Shamanic Usage.
  15. DMT article: 2. DMT Shamanic Usage.
  16. Legend for species list Species End Use Exploration & Collection Evaluation Conservation Of Germplasm.
  17. Ayahuasca Analogues - A copy of Ayahuasca Analogues by Crazy Fingers.
  18. The Resonance Project: TRP One Article - Editorial for TRP One.
  19. DMT Candy For Mind IntensityD. M. Turner
  20. Wood Species and their Botanical Names in Alphabetical Order
  21. Parques Nacionais Do Brazil Na Regiao Nordeste
  22. Tryptamine FAQ - Tryptamine Carriers, Dec 1995, by Petrus Pennanen ( with help from Michael from Melbourne (
  23. Woods of the World - Common Names (A)
  24. The Lycaeum - Drug Archives - Prehistoric Psychoactive Mushroom Artifcacts The oldest Representations of Hallucinogenic Mushrooms in the world (Sahara Desert, 9000 - 7000 B.P.), Giorgio Samorini, SISSC, Italy: Integration no. 2&3, 1992, 69-78.
  25. Native Habitat Ethnobotanical - Shamanic - Entheogenic - Medicinal Plants - Native Habitat Ethnobotanicals is a supplier of medicinal, hallucinogenic, entheogenic, shamanic and tropical plants of the world.
  26. Tryptamine FAQ - From: (Paul Walsh) Newsgroups: alt.drugs,alt.drugs.chemistry,bionet.plants,bionet.mycology Subject: Tryptamine FAQ, August 1994.
  27. Tryptamine FAQMirror of above
  28. messages - Welcome to the Ethnobotany Cafe Discussion Lounge Post a message - View the Archives The Herb Exchange Go to the Mesquite Connection - Ethnobotany Links Search the Net Help on using the discussion lounge - Posting Guidelines Scroll Down to Messages.
  29. Jos Barreiro, A Note on Tainos: Whither Progress?
  30. Tryptamines,
  31. Profiles of Psychedelic DrugsAlexander T. Shulgin, Jan. 1977.
  32. Tryptamines - From: (Vince Cavasin) Date: Mon, 1 Mar 1993.
  33. Tryptamines Mirror of above
  34. Tryptamines - Newsgroups: alt.drugs, mirror of above
  35. Legendary Ethnobotanical Resources Seed Page - Legendary Ethnobotanical Resources Rare Seed & Plant Page.
  36. Poisonous Plant Toxicity Bibliography: A-ANN authors
  37. South American Hardwoods: Tree And Wood Characteristica - "Beach Shack" Tropical Construction Page South American Hardwoods.
  38. Pennington Hardwoods of the World
  39. MAPS, v. 7 no. 2, Spring 1997, Botanical Preservation
  40. The Lycaeum - Drug ArchivesPrehistoric Psychoactive Mushroom Artifacts. The oldest Representations of Hallucinogenic Mushrooms (Sahara Desert, 9000 - 7000 B.P.) by Giorgio Samorini.
  41. Zeff Memorial Library, Catalogue of Books About EntheogensAyahuasca Shamanism...
  42. Woods of the World - List of Species
  43. Arboretos Brasileiros Anadenanthera falcata.
  44. White Wolf's Garden of Entheogenic Delights with Links
  45. Poisonous Plant Toxicity Bibliography:
  46. MAPS - V. 5 # 3 Winter 1994-95 - 2nd International Congress ...
  47. Erowid DMT Vault : Article #1Apparent Communication with Discarnate Entities Induced by DMT, Peter Meyers.
  48. Entheogen Dot: Entheogenic Books
  49. Bonap Fabaceae Listing
  50. South American Hardwoods: Tree and Wood Characteristics"Beach Shack" Tropical Construction Page.
  51. Natural Highs FAQS Authors: Vince Cavasin (, Paul A. Houle (, Adam Boggs ( and Petrus Pennanen
  52. Cyber Woodworking Depot - Woods of the World - List of Species
  53. Scholarly Natural History Books
  54. Native Habitat Ethnobotanical - Shamanic - Entheogenic - Medicinal PlantsN. H. E. is a supplier of medicinal, hallucinogenic, entheogenic, shamanic and tropical plants of the world.
  55. Fao Rlc Agroforesteria Arboles En Zonas Aridas
  56. The True Hallucinogens
  57. List of Plant Species Identified in the Region of La Chacra, Provincia Cercado, Depto del Beni, Bolivia
  58. Legendary Ethnobotany Resources
  59. Legendary Ethnobotanical Resources seed page L. E. R.'s Rare Seed & Plant Page.
  60. Species ListA survey of anther glands in the mimosoid legumes, Luckow, M. and J. Grimes, 1997.
  61. The Index for Herbal-ShamanHerbal-Shaman Ethnobotanical Database and Shoppes, your guide to health and enlightenment. We are dispensers of forbidden knowledge and purveyors of the many forbidden fruits...
  62. DMT PharmacologyDMT. Excerpt from pharmacology textbook, 1988, indole chemical structure and source.
  63. TpB psychedelic Herbal Shop B.T.C. Germany
  64. TAC EthnobotanicalsRare seeds, roots or herbs. Offerings include: Anadenanthera colubrina.
  65. Disembodied EyesAn original of the last known version of this website before it's author became unreachable and turned 404. See links below.
  66. Pesquisas Florestais em Andamento no Brasil - Ajuda
  67. TOTSE - Drugs from plants
  68. FringeWare Inc., DMT bibliography and links.
  69. Species ListA survey of anther glands in the mimosoid legume tribes Parkieae and Mimoseae.
  70. Twelve Constellations of the Girdle of Gaia Vine of the Soul, Rope of the Dead
  71. Twelve Constellations of the Girdle of GaiaMirror of Above
  72. The Entheogens


  1. Ayahuasca, DMT, And Other Tryptamines
  2. From Agony to Ecstacy:The Transformative Spirit of Yaje,Jimmy Weiskopf, Paintings by Alex Segregio
  3. Ayahuasca, Yage & Harmaline, Peter Stafford, Psychedelics Encyc., 3rd ed. Ch 7
  4. Ayahuasca Healing Sessions, Iquitos: The Search for a Healer, Marlene Dobkin de Rios, 1972, Waveland Press
  5. Psychological Aspects of the Yage, Experience in an Experimental Setting, Claudio Naranjo
  6. Making Magic, An Amazonian adventure featuring nunu (DMT) snuff, Sapo frogs, & strange occurances, Peter Gorman
  7. Common Themes in South American Indian Yage Experiences, Michael J. Harner
  8. Ayahuasca Visions, Visionary Vine: Hallucinogenic healing in the Peruvian Amazon, Marlene Dobkin de Rios, 1972, Waveland Press
  9. DMT ~ Water Spirit~ A Magical Link, The Essential Psychedelic Guide, D.M. Turner, 1994, Panther Press
  10. Amazonian Shamanism: The Ayahuasca Experience, Dr. Thomas Pinkso
  11. Apparent Communication with Discarnate Entities Induced DMT, Peter Meyer, PM&E #5 collected by Thomas Lyttle
  12. Shamanism and Priesthood in the Campa Ayahuasca Ceremony, Gerald Weiss, Hallucinogens & Shamanism, Michael J. Harner, ed. 1973, Oxford Univ. Press
  13. Ayahuasca & It's Mechanisms of Healing, Visionary Vine: Hallucinogenic healing in the Peruvian Amazon, Marlene Dobkin de Rios. 1972, Waveland Press
  14. The Ayahuasca-Alien Connection, Ayahuasca Visions: The Religious Iconography of a Peruvian Shaman
  15. The diet Vegistalistas use before ingestion of ayahuasca
  16. Ayahuasca Drinkers among the Chamou Indians, Peter Lamborn Wilson, Psychedelic Review, 1965
  17. The Use of Ayahuasca in Brazil by the Santo Daime Religion, Rex Beynon (MAPS)
  18. Diet and other preparations Vegetalistos make before ingesting Ayahuasca
  19. An essay on Icaros and the Vegetalisto's supernatural phlegm
  20. The Sound of Rishing Water, About Ayahuasca and the Jivaro Indians, Michael Harner
  21. An article on Shamans and Ayahuasca from Cosmopolitan
  22. An origin myth of Yage
  23. Amazonian Shamanism on the three-dimensional language revealed through the use of DMT, PM&E
  24. The Vision Vine, Earl Vickers, Whole Earth Review #73
  25. Preying Mantis Entity Reports
  26. A well written account of a DMT trip (smoked)
  27. Experiment - Anadenanthera columbrina ground and smoked
  28. Some very good descriptions of the Ayahuasca experience & smoking of Acacia maidenii
  29. The Mind's Eye: Personal Experiences with DMT, James Kent
  30. Another DMT Experience explained - intravenous.
  31. An essay explaining two DMT experiences, Scott Fossel
  32. A lengthy, well written account of an Ayahuasca experience using Acacia phlebophylla and Peganum harmala
  33. A account of a 5-Methoxy-DMT experience
  34. Ayahuasca borealis brew
  35. Experience with smoking DMT
  36. The DMT Experience, Terrence McKenna, Food of the Gods, 257-260
  37. Account of a DMT trip from a book on Psychedelics
  38. Programmed Communication During Experiences With DMT, Timothy Leary, Psychedelic Review #8, 1966
  39. Excerpted information on Ayahuasca from Harner, Luna, Ott, & McKenna
  40. Several quick spurts concerning Desmanthus illinoiensis extraction and use
  41. Some dribblings on the DMT & Ayahuasca experience
  42. Excerpts from several books concerning Banisteriopsis caapi
  43. Table of Ayahuasca admixture plants Native name, Species and active constituents, McKenna, Luna, & Towers 1986
  44. Ayahuasca admixtures that are found in Australia
  45. Some short blurbs on Desmanthus illinoiensis
  46. Basic info on Ayahuasca and DMT
  47. Tryptamine Carriers, Petrus Pennanen
  48. All of the Tables from Ayahuasca Analogues, Jonathon Ott
  49. Ayahuasca-like effects obtained with Italian plants, by F. Festi & G. Samorini
  50. Some information on Acacia spp.
  51. Instructions on how to extract DMT from Acacia maidenii
  52. Some info on Ginsberg's yage expedition in 1960
  53. An Indo-European Plant Teacher, "Gracie and Zarkov" no. 10 Ayahusca made with Harmala and synth DMT
  54. Ayahausca definition
  55. The synthesis of DMT, includes pictures
  56. The Psychedelic Model of Schizophrenia: The Case of N,N-Dimethyltryptamine, Gillin, et al., Amer. J. Psychiatry 133;2 pp.203-208, Feb. 1976
  57. Profiles of Psychedelic Drugs: DMT, Alexander T. Shulgin, J. Psychedelic Drugs 8: 167-168. 1976
  58. DMT - How And Why To Get Off, "Gracie and Zarkov"
  59. The DMT entry from the Merck Index
  60. Dream Matrix Telemetry, Terrence McKenna's spoken work piece to a recording by Zuvuya
  61. Interpretations of the DMT Experience, Peter Meyer, PM&E #6, p. 47
  62. Excerpts from 'Haight Ashbury Flashbacks' on DMT, Stephen Gaskin
  63. DMT and Hyperspace, Peter Meyer
  64. FAQ Tryptamines, MAO Inhibitors and Tryptamines, Synthesis of DMT Derivatives, Psychedelic Toads, Fungi, Plants, Refs
  65. Ayahuasca & It's Mechanisms of Healing, Visionary Vine: Hallucinogenic healing in the Peruvian Amazon, Marlene Dobkin de Rios. 1972, Waveland Press
  66. Ayahuasca Visions, Visionary Vine: Hallucinogenic healing in the Peruvian Amazon, Marlene Dobkin de Rios. 1972, Waveland Press
  67. Ayahuasca, Yage & Harmaline, Peter Stafford, Psychedelics Encyc., 3rd ed. Ch. 7
  68. Mushroom Ayahuasca, James Kent


  1. Anadenanthera Grove
  2. The Lycaeum - Specimen Graphics - Welcome to the Lycaeum's growing database of specimen pictures. Here you will find a library of images of the world's psychoactive and entheogenic plants and fungi, from seed to harvest. Also included are relatives and look-alikes, some poisonous...
  3. A three dimensional chemical structure of 5-Methoxy-DMT


  1. Taino
  2. Taino Longhouse, Puerto Rico


  3. The Phalaris FAQ - Lots of info
  4. Phalaris Grass + Peganum harmala experiment - Success!
  5. DMT, Life and the Universe, Some info on Phalaris Botany, Extraction, alkaloid content, etc.
  6. DMT from Phalaris - an excellent article on DMT, Ayahuasca, and Phalaris grass
  7. Smokable DMT from Organic Sources, addresses and extraction procedures for Phalaris spp.
  8. A photo of Phalaris tuberosa in JPEG format
  9. A photo of Phalaris minor in JPEG format
  10. A painting of Phalaris arundinacae
  11. A photograph of Phalaris arundinacae
  12. Another Photograph of Phalaris arundinacae


  13. A short article on Arundo donax
  14. An essay on Banisteriopsis caapi including excerpts
  15. A Classification of Banisteriopsis Species Used in Ayahuasca, & Native Classification of Ayahuasca Types By Effects and Symbolism, Junquera, 1989, 1236)
  16. A drawing of Banisteriopsis caapi
  17. DMT (p1 of 3) Desmanthus illinoensis, a natural source of DMT
  18. A terrible experience - MDMA + Harmaline. Don't do it!
  19. An experiment with MDMA+MDA+5-MEO-DMT
  20. A drawing of Peganum harmala
  21. Psychotria viridis + Peganum harmala experiment
  22. A painting of Psychotria viridis


  23. TeonanacatlFlesh of the Gods

    MORNING GLORIES, Ipomoea purpurea:
    heavenly blue
  24. Ololiuhqui & Egoline Friends Including:
    Notes on the Present Status of Ololiuhqui and the Other Hallucinogens of Mexico,
    R. Gordon Wasson, Bot.l Mus. Leaflets, Harvard U., v. 20, no. 6, Nov. 22, 1963, pp. 161-212.


  26. Salvia divinorum, Hierba de la PastoraThe Divine Mint


  27. San Pedrillo & Peyotl


  28. Rainforest LoveAmphibian Origins of Love Explored in Sci-Fi Thriller!
  29. Toad ScienceTaxonomy etc.
  30. Toad Venom New
  31. Someone on the net milks a Bufo alvarius at a pet store and explains his experience.
  32. A guide on taking care of your Bufo alvarius
  33. An essay on toad toxins
  34. Sonoran Toads, References
  35. The Sex Life of the Psychedelic Toad, Paul Rydeen, Crash Collusion Issue no.3
  36. Color picture of Bufo alvarius


  1. Rainforest Wildlife Abstraction
    Smithsonian Magazine Cover, April 1990,
  2. Monkey in Legume Tree
    Imperiled Rain Forests
    Chevron World Magazine Cover, Spring-Summer 1990
  3. Panama Natives and Snuff
    National Geographic, Nov. 1975, p. 623
  4. Rain Forests & Amphibians
    National Geographic, v.163, no.1, Jan. 1983
  5. Doors of Perception
    Aldous Huxley
    Harper Row Pub., N.Y., N.Y.
  6. The Botany and Chemistry of Hallucinogens, 1973,
    R.E. Schultes, A. Hoffman,
    Charles C. Thomas Pub., Springfield IL.
  7. Hallucinogenic Plants, 1976,
    R.E. Schultes,
    Golden Press, N.Y., N.Y.
  8. Chemical Psychosis, 1968,
    Leo E. Holister, M.D.,
    Charles C. Thomas Pub., Springfield, IL.
  9. Systematic Psychopharmacology
  10. Isolation of Bufotenine from Piptadenia peregina,
    V.L. Stromberg,
    J. Amer. Chem Soc., v.77, pp. 5892-5, 1955
  11. Gray's Manual of Botany, 8th ed., 1950
    M.L. Fernald
    American Book Co., N.Y., N.Y.
  12. The Tree Book, 1908
    Julia Ellen Rogers
    Doubleday, N.Y., N.Y.
  13. Western Garden Book, 1998
    Legume Trees
    Sunset Books
  14. Plants That Poison, 1979
    E. M. Schmutz
    Northland Press, Flagstaff, AZ
  15. The Secret Life of Plants
    P. Tompkins, C. Bird,
    Harper Row, N.Y., N.Y.
  16. The Frog Book,
    M.C. Dishman
    Dover Pub., N.Y., N.Y.
  17. The Ginseng Book, 1974
    Louise Veninga
    Big Tree Press, Felton, CA
  18. Medical Pharmacology, 1978
    Andres Gott,
    C.V. Mosby Co., St. Loius
  19. Native Trees of Florida, 1946
    L.E. Arnold, E. West
    U. of Florida Press, Gainsville, FL
  20. Trees and Shrubs of Mexico,1920 Standley
    U.S. Herbarium, v.23, pt.1, Smithsonian Press, Wash. D.C.
  21. Native Trees of Puerto Rico
    Legume Family
    Ref? pp. 168-187
  22. Native Hallucinogenic Drugs, Piptadenias,
    Bull. Narc. 17 (1965)
  23. Tryptamine Derivatives in Egene,
    B. Homsteadt
    Arch. Int. Pharmacodyn. 156 (1965) 285-305
  24. Hallucinogenic Plants,
    N.R. Farnsworth
    Science 162 (1968 1086-1096
  25. Identity of Cohoba Snuffs,
    W.E. Safford
    J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 6 (1916) 387-424
  26. Piptadenia Alkaloids
    Fish et al
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 77: 5892-5895, 1955
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 78: 3668-3671, 1956
  27. Title?
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 76: 6208-6290, 1954
  28. Title?
    S. Szara
    Experimentia 12: 441-442, 1956
  29. Title? S. Szara
    Fed. Proc. 20: 885-888, 1961
  30. Synthesis of DMT
    R.H. Manske
    Can. J. Res. 5: 592-600, 1931
  31. Hallucinogens of Plant Origin
    R.E. Schultes
    Sci. 163: 245-254, 1969
  32. Narcotic Plants
    W. Emboden
    Macmillan Co., N.Y., N.Y.
  33. Introduction to Psychopharmacology, 1983
    Malcolm Lader, MD
    Scope Pub., Upjohn Co.Kalamazoo, MI
  34. 5MeO-DMT
    Legler & Tschesche
    Ref? 1963
  35. Tryptamine
    Ref? 1965
  36. A. confusa?
    Arthur et al
    Aust. J. Chem. 20, (4) 809-811, 1967
  37. Indoles of Desmodium pulchellum
    S. Ghosal, B. Mukherjee
    J. Org. Chem. 31 (7) 2284, 1966
  38. Indole Alkaloids of Acer, Piptadenia & Mimosa
    I. Pachter et al
    J. Org. Cham. 24, 1285, 1959
  39. Bases Derived From Argentine Piptadenia
    G. Iacobucci, E. Ruveda
    Phytocham 3 (3) 465, 1964
  40. Alkaloids in the Leguminosae
    J. A. Mears, T.J. Mabry in
    Chemotaxonomy of the Leguminosae, 1971
    Harborne et al
    Academic Press, London, N.Y.
  41. Alkaloids of Banisteria caapi and Prestonia amazonicum
    F.A. Hochstein, A. M. Paradies
    J. Amer. Chem Soc. 79: 5735, 1957
  42. Action of Oxayl Chloride on Indoles
    M. E. Speeter, W. C. Anthony, Upjohn Co.
    J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 76: 6308-6310, 1954
  43. Isolation of Bufontenine from Piptadenia
    V. L. Stromberg
    J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 76: 1707, 1954
  44. Isolation of MTP & MEOMT etc.
    G. Legler
    Naturweissshaften 50, 94-95, 1963
  45. Virola
    S. Agurell, R.E. Schultes et al
    Acta Chem. Scand. 23: 903-916, 1969
  46. Pub. Health Serv. Pub. No.1645
    Holmstedt, Lingren
    pp. 233-289, 339-373, 393-402
    U.S. Gov't. Print. Office, Wash. D.C.
  47. Title?
    Wassen, Holmstedt
    Ethnos 1: 5-45, 1963
  48. Virola Constituents
    Corothie et al
    Planta Medica 17: 184-188, 1069
  49. A Taxonomic Study of Anadenanthera
    S. von R. Altschul
    Contrib. Gray Herb., Harvard U. Abstr. 193: 3-65, 1964
  50. Title? +Refs.
    J. Ind. Chem. Soc. 42, 123, 1965
  51. Merck Index, Bufontenines, DMT, Harmalines etc.
    Paul G. Stecher, ed.
    Merck & Co. Inc., Rahway, NJ

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